With just 25 anesthesiologists in all of Uganda, anesthesia is typically provided during surgery, but little is provided during the first hours of recovery, when the pain is most intense.Stephen Ttendo, head of anesthesia at Mbarara Regional Referral Hospital, one of Uganda’s three major teaching hospitals, says anesthesiologists are simply too busy with surgeries to visit the recovery wards. Nurses, too, are in short supply. That means that as the surgical anesthesia wears off, patients’ only recourse is to “groan in pain,” Ttendo said.Last fall, Harvard-affiliated Massachusetts General Hospital’s (MGH) Department of Anesthesia Critical Care and Pain Medicine began an anesthesia partnership with Mbarara, providing equipment and training so local doctors can use a pain-blocking technique at the end of a surgical procedure that will provide relief for 12 hours after surgery.Paul Firth, assistant professor of anesthesia at Harvard Medical School and an anesthesiologist at MGH, helped to organize the partnership. The partnership resulted from a growing realization of the dire need for surgical services in the developing world, particularly in sub-Saharan Africa, Firth said. About 10 percent of all deaths globally are caused by injuries or disease that can be treated surgically, ranging from unrepaired trauma to untreated cancer to needed cesarean sections in childbirth that can’t be provided.“It’s complex to perform surgery. You need people to provide anesthesia, nursing, and surgery. Pain control is one of the major issues before and after an operation,” Firth said. “You can’t treat surgical disease without safe anesthesia. Pain control is one of the major issues before and after an operation.”Major hospitals such as MGH, Firth said, have a public mission to help. Firth, together with Instructors in Anesthesia Vicki Modest and Peter Stefanovich, both at MGH, traveled to Mbarara last November for a week. They trained the three anesthesiologists on staff there, as well as 14 anesthesia residents in the nerve-block technique.The technique is designed to take the greatest advantage of limited resources, Firth said. Here in the United States, post-surgical patients are typically provided with a morphine infusion pump: They push a button and get a dose of painkiller. While the pumps allow patients to control their own pain medication, Ugandan hospitals don’t have the nursing staff that would be needed to maintain intravenous lines, change bags of saline solution, and monitor the machines.Instead, the visitors taught the anesthesiologists how to do ultrasound-guided nerve blocks. In this technique, physicians use an ultrasound machine to identify the major nerves affected by the operation and then inject a local anesthesia next to the nerves. This procedure provides about 12 hours of pain relief, Firth said. When patients are sent to crowded wards, a single shot in the operating room, which can provide hours of relief, is a very attractive option. The ultrasound machines were bought by the Ugandan government.The technique has been put to good use, Ttendo said, with a large number of blocks successfully administered since the MGH physicians left. The technique is mainly being handled by the residents, Ttendo said, freeing him up to handle anesthesia for the actual surgeries.Ttendo said there is broad interest in improving Uganda’s medical services. Today, half of all doctors trained there go elsewhere to practice, to countries like South Africa where the pay is better. So a major priority is to retain more homegrown medical talent. At Mbarara, he said, officials have also embarked on a 10-year program that will increase the hospital’s 250 beds to 1,500, which of course also will require more staff.Ttendo said the model utilized in the anesthesia program, where MGH provides the training and the hospital provides the equipment and students, could work for other procedures. One could prevent pregnant women with severe pre-eclampsia from dying from renal failure. Ttendo said the hospital is building a new intensive care unit and would like to equip it with a dialysis machine that can get women through the critical days before the kidneys resume functioning. If authorities can get the machine, he said, a similar partnership would be helpful.
The giant red crane towering over Harvard Kennedy School (HKS) may be the most obvious sign that big changes are afoot, as the School’s 2½-year, $125 million campus transformation moves full steam ahead. But down at eye level, another significant transition is underway. Students, faculty, and staff returned to HKS this month to welcome the arrival of a new dean, Douglas W. Elmendorf, A.M. ’85, Ph.D. ’89.A macroeconomist who has spent the past 20 years in public service, Elmendorf was admired in Washington for his careful, clear-eyed analyses and his willingness to stand up to sometimes extraordinary political pressure from all fronts.From January 2009 to March 2015, Elmendorf served as director of the U.S. Congressional Budget Office, which analyzes the potential costs of tax, budgetary, and spending proposals from Congress and the White House. He oversaw cost projections for some of the most complicated and controversial pieces of legislation in decades, the Affordable Care Act and the 2009 stimulus package.“As director of the CBO, he won widespread praise for his leadership and management skills, his integrity and fairness, his intellectual curiosity and analytical acuity, and his ability to work thoughtfully and constructively with people across the political spectrum,” Harvard President Drew Faust said when she announced Elmendorf’s appointment in June.Prior to heading the CBO, Elmendorf was a senior fellow in economics and Bernstein Scholar at the Brookings Institution from 2007 to 2009. He has also held a number of economic research and leadership roles across the federal government, including the Federal Reserve Board, the Council of Economic Advisers, and the Treasury Department. Before entering public service, Elmendorf was an assistant professor of economics at Harvard from 1989 to 1994. In addition to his role as dean, Elmendorf will also serve as the Don K. Price Professor of Public Policy.The Gazette spoke with Elmendorf about his return to academic life, his leadership style, and what he expects will be his initial priorities in the coming months.GAZETTE: What first drew you to public service and why did you decide to come back to Harvard?ELMENDORF: I love public service because it combines interesting intellectual challenges with a real opportunity to make the world a better place, and that combination is incredibly fulfilling. Being dean of the Kennedy School is a chance for me to continue in public service, but in a different way than I’ve been able to do so far in my career. The School has an amazing faculty of outstanding teachers and researchers who are very engaged with policymakers. The School has equally amazing students who are contributing great energy and ideas while they’re at the School and who will go on to change the world. The chance to be part of that group of people and to help support what they’re doing is a wonderful opportunity for me, and I am grateful to have it.GAZETTE: What will be some of your immediate priorities and concerns, and what will be on your agenda further out?ELMENDORF: The Kennedy School is doing a lot of important things very well now. [Former Dean] David Ellwood and the many faculty members, staff, students and supporters of the School who have made it so strong should be very proud of what they’ve accomplished. I feel like I’m coming into a school that’s in an excellent position. But our job is to keep getting better over time. Archon Fung did an outstanding job as acting dean, and I appreciate all of his efforts. Fortunately, he will continue to serve as academic dean. My job, Archon’s job, the job of everyone who cares about the School is to build on the past accomplishments and make the School even stronger in the future. One priority we have is to improve students’ experiences at the School through continued innovation in what we teach and how we teach it. Another priority is to hire professors in areas where the School is not playing as large a role as it should. A further priority is to keep building a more inclusive community for students, faculty, and staff.There are many areas in the School where members of our community are developing ways to strengthen what we do. One particular area that has come up in a number of my conversations with faculty and students is the role of technology in governance. Many governments are trying to use technology to respond to citizens, to implement services, to track their performance in ways that were not possible 10 or 20 years ago. We need to be sure that we are training students at the School to play leading roles in those efforts when they leave and that we are working with policymakers at the national, state, and local levels in this country and elsewhere in the world to make the most effective use of technology in what they’re doing. That’s an area where the School is not doing as much now as many people at the School think we should do, and we will push ahead on that in the next few years.GAZETTE: Beyond technology, what is HKS not doing that it ought to be?ELMENDORF: I don’t see particular weaknesses that have somehow escaped everyone else’s attention. But it’s very important that we not rest on our laurels. Even organizations that are highly successful need to engage in a constant process of renewal to be as good as they can be. I’ve been lucky to be part of a number of successful organizations, but every one of them had the potential to be even better than they were. That’s what I worked toward when I was in those organizations and that’s what I’m going to work toward at the Kennedy School. And I think the School is as strong as it is today because, for many decades now, the people at the School have not been content with what they’ve been doing, but have been looking for ways to do more and to do it better. That’s the spirit we need to sustain.GAZETTE: Is there someone whose leadership style you most admire, and why?ELMENDORF: I’ve been very fortunate to work with some excellent leaders. They’ve had somewhat different leadership styles because they’re different people. Leaders need to be true to themselves; we’re not all trying to be like one particular person. But there were common elements of these leaders’ styles that seemed quite important and that I’ve tried to emulate.The best leaders I’ve worked with have listened to people carefully before making decisions; they’ve explained the decisions they’ve reached; and then they’ve helped the people in their organizations to do the things they’ve decided to do. I think all three parts of that are important. The nature of organizations is that not everybody will be equally happy with the direction an organization goes in. And sometimes I’ve watched leaders in my organizations make decisions that weren’t the ones I wanted them to make. But because I had a chance to offer my perspective, to hear other people’s perspectives, and to hear then the logic that the leaders followed in making those decisions, I understood where those decisions had come from. That made it much easier to figure out how to carry forward.Also, the fact that the leaders didn’t just say, “Here’s what we should do. You go off and do it — good luck,” but said, “Here’s what I think we should do. Let’s talk through the best way to do that and I’m available to help do that,” made it much easier for me and others in those organizations to proceed effectively. So those are some of the traits that I’ve tried to follow in the leadership roles I’ve had before and that I will bring to the Kennedy School.GAZETTE: When HKS first started — as the Graduate School of Public Administration, more than seven decades ago — very few, if any, professional schools focused on government and public policy. Today, there are a number of institutions covering similar terrain. Does that influence the way HKS approaches things like faculty and student recruitment or curricula?ELMENDORF: I think it’s wonderful that there are strong public policy schools elsewhere in the country and elsewhere in the world because the world will benefit tremendously from having smart, committed people helping to develop better public policies and to train students who can go on to be leaders in public policy.The challenge for the Kennedy School is not directly affected by those other schools. Our challenge has always been, and remains, to be as effective as we can ― to train students as well as we can, to provide the best new ideas for public policy, and to work with policymakers as effectively as we can. That’s what we’re trying to do. I think it’s what other schools are also trying to do, which is great.GAZETTE: As director of the Congressional Budget Office, your job was to cast a clinical eye on costs associated with legislative proposals and speak truth to power. HKS is currently in the midst of a $500 million capital campaign and undergoing a major campus expansion. What will be your role in these efforts and how will you bring your analytical and consensus-building skills to bear?ELMENDORF: The fundraising campaign is crucial in enabling our faculty and students to have the greatest positive impact on the world they can. The funds that have been raised for the transformation of the campus will significantly enhance the learning experience of our students; the funds that have been raised for financial aid will enable many more students to enter public service without being burdened by high debts; the funds that have been raised to support the faculty’s research and engagement with policymakers will significantly increase the impact of their ideas on public policy.My job is to keep doing what David Ellwood did so well, which was to make the case to potential donors about what a tremendous difference they can make to the world by supporting the Kennedy School. I’ve been doing some of that already, and I’m very gratified by people’s responses. I think my previous job helps in at least two ways. First, I have a lot of practice explaining policy analysis to non-experts, which is part of what deans do with potential donors as part of the fundraising process. Second, I have a lot of experience watching policy being made from very close up, and that gives me credibility, I think, in explaining to potential donors why the work of the Kennedy School makes such a difference. And the truth is that for all the political tumult and speech-making I saw in my time in the Congressional Budget Office, serious analysis and imaginative ideas really make a huge difference in policymaking and policy implementation.GAZETTE: What are some of the difficult and important public challenges that HKS must confront and lead on?ELMENDORF: There are many challenges demanding our attention. One of the great strengths of the Kennedy School is that there are people with expertise in a huge range of policy issues, and I want to be careful about reducing that huge range to just a few points because I think one of our strengths is that we are helping to make the world a better place in many, many different ways. But certainly it’s very important that we help policymakers reduce poverty and inequality in this country and in many countries around the world. It is very important that we help policymakers in this country and around the world increase security relative to longstanding threats like nuclear weapons, but also to newly emerging threats like cyber attacks. It’s also very important that we help improve the process of democratic governance by addressing some of the dysfunction we see in the way governments work and in the way they try to meet the demands of the citizens. For all of those topics, the School’s truly global reach makes a big difference.
GlobalFoundries,IBM has awarded the DREAM mentoring program a $10,000 Catalyst Grant to develop an environmental education program using the organization’s 50-acre property bordering the Metcalf Pond in Fletcher Vermont.IBM is awarding Catalyst Grants in recognition of its 100th anniversary. The grants support IBM employees applying their professional skills to volunteer projects with schools or community organizations, or that demonstrate a connection to a local, sustainable issue. IBM is awarding 100 Catalyst Grants of $10,000 worldwide in 2011.The DREAM program (Directing through Recreation, Education, Adventuring and Mentoring), matches college student mentors with students from affordable housing communities. DREAM, with central offices in Winooski, VT, uses a community mentoring approach it calls ‘Village Mentoring,’ which empowers a group of college student mentors to engage both individual students and the entire community of children and families. This project supports DREAM’s goal of building a sense of caring for community, environment and self for the children they serve through the use of unique outdoor experiences, summer and winter camps, trips and community events. The IBM grant will enable DREAM staff and IBM volunteers to create a new environmental curriculum at DREAM’s facility in Fletcher, Vermont. The goal is the development of a ‘hands on’ curriculum to teach the students about the watershed, its associated water cycle, and impacts on the quality of the water system. Designated areas and signage will help educate the students about brooks, marshes, vernal pools and the pond, and key water resources on the property will be sampled and interpreted by the students.To develop the program, DREAM staff and IBM volunteers will create a global positioning system (GPS) map of the property. Volunteers will identify key areas and install interpretive signs. The program will incorporate components of an IBM-designed student activity kit called “Clean Water Difference’ which discusses the importance of watersheds and the environmental, societal, and economic tradeoffs faced when making decisions that affect water quality and quantity.The IBM grant also will help DREAM redesign its web site and create a web page that will provide access to the environmental curriculum and allow students to upload the water quality data they gather as part of the program.In recognition of its 100th anniversary IBM is providing $12 million in grants worldwide during 2011 to schools and not-for-profit organizations where IBMers volunteer, including the IBM Catalyst grants. In addition to the Catalyst Grant to the DREAM program, in July IBM announced a $100,000 IBM Centennial Grant for an energy efficiency initiative to help HowardCenter and Vermont Technical College reduce their energy use by at least 5 percent annually. That grant is one of eleven IBM Centennial Grants awarded by IBM to projects around the world ‘ one of only two in the U.S.About DREAM: for more information about DREAM, please visit http://www.dreamprogram.org/index.htm(link is external)About IBM: For more information about IBM’s Centennial, please visit http://www.ibm100.com(link is external) BURLINGTON, VT, September 7, 2011 ‘ IBM
Cove House, Gold Coast. Photo: SuppliedMore from newsParks and wildlife the new lust-haves post coronavirus12 hours agoNoosa’s best beachfront penthouse is about to hit the market12 hours agoLandscape features are prominent in Cove House and include garden rooms and atriums and a visual connection to the Coomera River and beyond.Mr Humphrey said the design of the house could be read from the street, river and easement boundaries. “The materials used are visible to passing neighbours and the house aims to engage with the neighbourhood,” he said.Cove House typifies the ideal of indoor-outdoor living. The Cove House is extremely spacious. Photo: SuppliedMr Humphrey said the design challenged the idea of spaces that were traditionally located inside the building. “The sub-tropical climate allows the occupants to open the street facing front door and waterfront sliding doors and live immersed in the landscape throughout the year and seasons,” he said.There is plenty of space to entertain throughout the home, including around the fire pit – a much-loved area by the owners and guests. Mr Humphrey said during the early design stages and through conversations between owner and architect, the term “passion pit” was coined. “The ground-plane of the house is articulated and encourages movement or contemplation,” he said. “The sunken ground-plane is a further articulation of levels and the qualities of the space were designed with childhood memories in mind. “The space … serves as an important pathway and flow between the kitchen above and the herb garden below which, in turn, lead to the deck and pool area.” Cove House, Gold Coast.Internal gardens and atriums are some of the standout features of this new award-winning home on the Gold Coast. Built on a 966sq m waterfront block, Cove House, recently won the 2019 Queensland Architecture Awards – Regional Project of the Year, Gold Coast Region.Justin Humphrey, from Justin Humphrey Architect, said a 1980s house on the site was demolished to make way for the stunning new build.Mr Humphrey said the client’s brief called for the construction of a “materially-rich and tactile house” that reflected their love of subtropical architecture. “They wanted a place of refuge from their demanding lives and connection to the water and landscape at all times,” he said. “Accommodating both the rituals of daily life of the couple and the flexibility of space to entertain large social gatherings were also essential to the design.“The design explores the relationship between indoor and outdoor space and landscape. “The tone of this relationship is set right at the start as the concrete wall guides visitors through a street-facing external garden room.”
Italy’s OLT Offshore LNG Toscana issued a tender seeking delivery of a liquefied natural gas cargo for the peak shaving service during the winter period 2017/2018. According to tender documents, the company is seeking a cargo between 85,000 and 125,000 cubic meters to be delivered to the FSRU Toscana terminal located 22km off the Italian coast between Livorno and Pisa.Part of the volume, amounting to 15,000 cubic meters will be purchased by OLT Offshore for terminal’s operational requirements.OLT Offshore’s documents show the cargo will be delivered to the terminal between December 1 and December 31. The volumes delivered will be made available to Snam Rete Gas from January 1 to March 31, 2018.Should the LNG quantity discharged be greater than the one provided by the peak shaving service, OLT Offshore LNG Toscana said that the extra quantity will be regasified in accordance with the rules set forth in the relevant slot capacity agreement.Deadline for submitting the bids has been set to November 22, the documents show.The FSRU Toscana has a maximum regasification capacity of 3,75 billion cubic meters a year and a gross storage capacity of 137.500 cubic meters of LNG.Shareholders in the OLT Offshore LNG Toscana are Iren Group (49.07 percent), Uniper Global Commodities (48.24 percent) and Golar (2.69 percent). LNG World News Staff
Read Also:Serie A: Red-hot Ronaldo sends Juve four points clearHowever there was no response from Marseille this time despite the return of star man Dimitri Payet from injury, and Nantes sealed the win in stoppage time in comical fashion.Steve Mandanda spilled Moses Simon’s shot to Bamba, who failed to control the rebound and instead sent it bouncing off the legs of unwitting Marseille defender Alvaro and into the net.FacebookTwitterWhatsAppEmail分享 Marseille’s 14-match unbeaten run in Ligue 1 came to an end on Saturday after they fell to a surprise 3-1 home defeat by off-form Nantes.Advertisement Andre Villas-Boas’s second-placed side have put themselves in a strong position to qualify for the Champions League next season thanks to their hot streak but were downed by goals either side of half-time by Anthony Limbombe and Abdoul Kader Bamba and a late Alvaro own goal at the Stade Velodrome.They stay 11 points clear of third-placed Rennes, who host Nimes on Sunday, but Lille can move to within nine points of Marseille with a win over rock-bottom Toulouse later on Saturday.The defeat also means Paris Saint-Germain can move 13 points clear at the top if they beat Bordeaux at the Parc des Princes on Sunday. Nantes meanwhile climb to 10th, just three points from the European places, after bagging their first win in six league matches.Limbombe stunned the Velodrome when he stopped to head home Bamba’s cross in the 35th minute in what was the game’s first shot on target, but the hosts reacted positively to going a goal down and were level shortly after.First Nantes goalkeeper Alban Lafont was forced into a smart save from Valentin Rongier’s long-range drive a minute after Limbombe’s opener, but the Frenchman couldn’t stop Sanson’s curling effort three minutes later.The away side were back ahead again seven minutes after the break when Bamba pounced on Rongier losing the ball to curl home a stunning finish that was only confirmed as a goal after a long VAR check. Loading… Promoted Content7 Ways To Understand Your Girlfriend Better8 Best 1980s High Tech GadgetsPlaying Games For Hours Can Do This To Your BodyTop 10 Tiniest Phones Ever MadeBest & Worst Celebrity Endorsed Games Ever Made10 Legendary Historical Movies You Should See9 Facts You Should Know Before Getting A TattooWhich Country Is The Most Romantic In The World?Who Is The Most Powerful Woman On Earth?6 Ridiculous Health Myths That Are Actually True10 Risky Jobs Some Women Do2020 Tattoo Trends: Here’s What You’ll See This Year
Greensburg, IN—The 13th Annual “Painting the Town” Plein Air Paint Out in Greensburg is this Friday, August 2! Everyone is welcome regardless of age or ability. Registration will begin at 8 am at the tent in front of Art on the Square Gallery. Finished works can be seen later in the day at the gallery at 114 E. Washington Street.For more information, click here.
Odemwingie was carried off on a stretcher during the Potters’ Barclays Premier League victory at champions Manchester City last Saturday. Hughes initially expressed hope the problem was not serious but now it has emerged the 33-year-old Nigeria international will need an operation. As yet no timescale has been put on his recovery but the club have not included Odemwingie in their 25-man Premier League squad, meaning he cannot be registered to play until January at the earliest. Hughes told the club’s website, www.stokecityfc.com: “He’s going to have some kind of procedure but the medical staff are waiting for the knee to settle down. “He’s going to have to wait a couple of weeks before it’s actually done but once the operation is done we know he will work extremely hard to get back. “It’s a significant injury and unfortunately it’s a long-term one, but Peter has a great attitude to work and life in general – he’s always got a smile on his face – and he’s going to need those qualities. It will be a long road back but we wish him well.” Odemwingie only entered the action as a half-time substitute at the Etihad Stadium and almost set up a second goal for match-winner Mame Biram Diouf. But he was injured in the process and was himself substituted after 65 minutes. Odemwingie appeared to have settled well at Stoke following his move to the Britannia Stadium last January. His three-year spell at West Brom ended in acrimony a year ago and a subsequent switch to Cardiff failed to reignite his career. Stoke forward Peter Odemwingie is facing a lengthy spell on the sidelines with a knee injury, manager Mark Hughes has revealed. Press Association
Niebrugge, the 2013 US Amateur Public Links champion, rated it as his biggest achievement so far. “I would rank it up for sure the top accomplishment I’ve had so far: the Silver Medal in a major championship, especially at St Andrews, is definitely a dream come true,” he said. “I played in the Masters last year and the John Deere Classic (on the PGA Tour) this last summer and both of those experiences definitely made this a little easier. “There is nothing like coming down the last hole, though. It’s just an awesome amphitheatre – I was a little nervous.” Niebrugge will not be turning professional, as so many do after a good performance in a major, as he wants to complete his studies. That means he will be in contention for September’s Walker Cup. “I’ve still got one more year left at Oklahoma State,” added the American, who came through final qualifying at Hillside Golf Club in Southport. “I study entrepreneurship and sports management, basically just typical business classes, with a sports management major. The 21-year-old shot a final-round 70 at St Andrews to post 11 under and overtake Ireland’s Paul Dunne, who had begun the final round with a three-stroke lead over his rival. Five amateurs made the cut and with three finishing in the top 12, it was the most competitive challenge for the Silver Medal for some time. Amateur Jordan Niebrugge made it an United States double at the 144th Open Championship after walking away with the Silver Medal. Press Association “If golf doesn’t work out, I’d still like to stay in the golf field and do something business-wise that way.” He beat compatriot and former number one-ranked amateur Oliver Schniederjans, who is wasting no time in joining the paid ranks and will be teeing it up at this week’s Canadian Open on Thursday having already played in two majors. “I really wanted these experiences in two majors and I’m absolutely thrilled that I decided to do that,” he said, having made the cut in last month’s US Open. “I feel like I’m ready to be out here.” England’s Ashley Chesters could find himself competing against Schniederjans again in September after finishing alongside the American on nine under with a final-round 69. “I’ve got to go back and defend the European Amateur again,” he said of his immediate plans to win a third successive title in Slovakia in August. “I’ll probably wait and play the Walker Cup now and hopefully this will do me no harm in getting picked for that and then possibly turn pro after that.” Dunne finished on six under, having gone into the last round as joint leader in the final group on 12 under, after shooting 78 with Frenchman Romain Langasque two-over after a 74.
Former Brazil midfielder Juninho has said that Neymar must display “emotional control” if he is to deliver his country’s first football gold medal at Rio 2016.Success at the Olympics is the only major football honour to elude the Selecao, with pressure ramped up to break that run on home soil when the football competition kicks off on August 4.Brazil captain Neymar’s last international tournament ended in disgrace as he was sent off after the final whistle of Brazil’s 1-0 Copa America defeat to Colombia in 2015, earning him a four-match ban which ruled him out of the remainder of the event.Having sat out this year’s Copa America to focus on the Olympic Games, former Middlesbrough star Juninho – an Olympic bronze medallist in 1996 – says the Barcelona attacker must display more control as he leads his country. “Neymar is a different player, I think he is unique,” Juninho told Omnisport.“When the ball lands on his foot everybody expect a goal. He is decisive on the national team.“He must have extra emotional control, because he knows his importance on the Selecao. The team feels the difference and know how important Neymar is.“He needs an emotional control. I believe that Brazil can win the Olympics 2016 with his help. I think Brazil has great players and they can bring the dream of the victory.”Share this:FacebookRedditTwitterPrintPinterestEmailWhatsAppSkypeLinkedInTumblrPocketTelegram