Centum Investment Limited (CTUM.ke) HY2013 Presentation

first_imgCentum Investment Limited (CTUM.ke) listed on the Nairobi Securities Exchange under the Investment sector has released it’s 2013 presentation results for the half year.For more information about Centum Investment Limited (CTUM.ke) reports, abridged reports, interim earnings results and earnings presentations, visit the Centum Investment Limited (CTUM.ke) company page on AfricanFinancials.Document: Centum Investment Limited (CTUM.ke)  2013 presentation results for the half year.Company ProfileCentum Investment Limited is an equity firm specialising in investing in areas of growth, developmental capital and buyouts and seek to make equity investments between US$2 and US$20 million. The company invests in enterprises in the agricultural, education, healthcare, energy, financial services, insurance, information and communication technology, food and beverages, catering, automotive, publishing, real estate, power and FMCG sectors. In the beverage sector, it invests in businesses manufacturing alcoholic and non-alcoholic beverages and carbonated soft drinks. These companies operate in and serve the needs of domestic markets in Africa sub-regions. In most private equity investments, it prefers to acquire a controlling and significant minor stake in the company. The head office of Centum Investment Company is in Nairobi, Kenya. Centum Investment Limited is listed on the Nairobi Securities Exchangelast_img read more

Swala Oil and Gas (Tanzania) Plc (SWALA.tz) 2017 Abridged Report

first_imgSwala Oil and Gas (Tanzania) Plc (SWALA.tz) listed on the Dar es Salaam Stock Exchange under the Energy sector has released it’s 2017 abridged results.For more information about Swala Oil and Gas (Tanzania) Plc (SWALA.tz) reports, abridged reports, interim earnings results and earnings presentations, visit the Swala Oil and Gas (Tanzania) Plc (SWALA.tz) company page on AfricanFinancials.Document: Swala Oil and Gas (Tanzania) Plc (SWALA.tz)  2017 abridged results.Company ProfileSwala Oil and Gas (Tanzania) Plc is an oil and gas company with extensive interests in Tanzania and Burundi. Its current exploration operations include the Kilosa-Kilombero license in Tanzania with a 75% participating interest, and Block D in Burundi with a 100% participating interest. Swala Oil is a shareholder of PAE PanAfrican Energy Corporation (“PAEM”); a Mauritius-based company which owns PanAfrican Energy Tanzania Limited (“PAET”). PAET holds the rights granted by the government of Tanzania to explore, develop, market, produce and sell natural gas from the Songo gas fields in Tanzania. This includes rights to managing the associated infrastructure and distribution and marketing agreements with the private sector and state enterprises. Swala Oil and Gas (Tanzania) Plc is listed on the Dar es Salaam Stock Exchangelast_img read more

MTN Rwandacell Plc (MTN.rw) 2021 Prospectus

first_imgMTN Rwandacell Plc (MTN.rw) listed on the Rwanda Stock Exchange under the Technology sector has released it’s 2021 prospectusFor more information about MTN Rwandacell Plc reports, abridged reports, interim earnings results and earnings presentations, visit the MTN Rwandacell Plc company page on AfricanFinancials.MTN Rwandacell Plc Prospectus DocumentCompany ProfileMTN Rwandacell PLC (MTN Rwanda) is the market leader in mobile telecommunications in Rwanda. Since 1998, we have continuously invested in expanding and modernising our footprint and are the country’s No 1 network. MTN Rwanda offers various innovative services to consumers and enterprises, including personalised voice, data, home and fixed connectivity solutions. The company is also the front runner in Mobile Financial Services in Rwanda delivered through its FinTech subsidiary, Mobile Money Rwanda Ltd. MTN Rwandacell Plc is listed on the Rwanda Stock Exchangelast_img read more

Namibia Rugby World Cup Fixtures, Squad, Group, Guide

first_img New Zealand Rugby World Cup Fixtures, Squad, Group, Guide Outclassed: Namibia last played New Zealand in 2015, and lost 58-14 (Getty Images)Namibia Rugby World Cup SquadNamibia have named their squad for the tournament below;Forwards (18):Andre RademeyerNelius TheronDesiderius SethieA J de KlerkJohannes CoetzeeObert NortjeLouis van der WesthuizenTorsten van JaarsveldTjiuee UaniviJohan RetiefThomasau ForbesRohan KitshoffMax KatjijekoPrince GaosebWian ConradieP J van LillAdriaan BooysenJanco Venter.Backs (13):Cliven LoubserHelarius KistingDamian StevensEugene JantjiesDarryl de la HarpeJohan DeyselJustin NewmanJ C GreylingJohann TrompChad PlatoLesley KlimJanry du ToitP J Walters.Related: 2019 Rugby World Cup FixturesPrevious World Cup Results and RecordNamibia’s Rugby World Cup Record: P23 W0 D1 L221999 Pool stages2003 Pool stages2007 Pool stages2011 Pool stages2015 Pool stages2019 Pool stagesFollow our Rugby World Cup homepage which we update regularly with news and features. Dominant: Namibia secured the Rugby Africa Gold Cup (Getty Images) South Africa Rugby World Cup Fixtures, Squad, Group, Guide Winners of the past two World Cups, the… Expand New Zealand Rugby World Cup Fixtures, Squad, Group, Guide Canada Rugby World Cup Fixtures, Squad, Group, Guide Expand Italy Rugby World Cup Fixtures, Squad, Group, Guide The last team to qualify for the tournament,… Namibia Rugby World Cup GroupNamibia are in Group B alongside New Zealand, South Africa, Italy and Canada.Related: 2019 Rugby World Cup GroupsNamibia Rugby World Cup FixturesSun 22 Sep Italy 47-22 Namibia (Osaka) Match reportSat 28 Sep South Africa 57-3 Namibia (Toyota) Match reportSun 6 Oct New Zealand 71-9 Namibia (Tokyo) Match reportSun 13 Oct Namibia 0-0 Canada (Kamaishi) Match cancelled – click here for details Namibia booked their place once again at the World Cup, but are still awaiting a wincenter_img Four years on from their shock loss to… Namibia Rugby World Cup Fixtures, Squad, Group, GuideWinning just one of their four Rugby World Cup pool games would trigger scenes of celebration in Windhoek. However, Typhoon Hagibis denied them their best chance with the final pool match against Canada cancelled on safety grounds.How They QualifiedNamibia qualified for the 2019 World Cup by winning the Rugby Africa Gold Cup.Key PlayersWith Jacques Burger now retired, there are no household names in the squad. Sharks centre Johan Deysel is captain while lock Tjiuee Uanivi shone at RWC 2015, even stealing two All Blacks lineouts.Leader: Johan Deysel introduces his team to the president of the Confederation of Africa Rugby Abdelaziz Bougja (Getty Images)The Coach – Phil DaviesThe former Wales forward took charge three years ago and has maintained Namibia’s dominance of the Africa Gold Cup. He does a bit of consultancy on the side, most recently at Nuneaton.Tough Group: Davies is coaching Namibia side at the World Cup (Getty Images)Major Work-onsThe scrum has been an Achilles’ heel against top nations. Higher-calibre fixtures would help development and pulling out of the Currie Cup, for financial reasons, was a setback.Namibia Rugby World Cup Warm-upsSaturday 24 August: Sharks Invitation XV 0-43 NamibiaSaturday 31 August: Namibia 28-22 Southern KingsSaturday 7 September: Namibia 21-17 Southern KingsRelated: 2019 Rugby World Cup Warm-ups South Africa Rugby World Cup Fixtures, Squad, Group, Guide Collapse In a tough group, Italy were denied chance… Italy Rugby World Cup Fixtures, Squad, Group, Guide Canada Rugby World Cup Fixtures, Squad, Group, Guide LATEST RUGBY WORLD MAGAZINE SUBSCRIPTION DEALS Expand TAGS: Namibia Also make sure you know about the Groups, Warm-ups, Dates, Fixtures, Venues, TV Coverage, Qualified Teams by clicking on the highlighted links.Finally, don’t forget to follow Rugby World on Facebook, Twitter and Instagram.last_img read more

China Blames Food Scraps for ASF Outbreak

first_img SHARE Previous articleChinese Investor-owned Smithfield Foods Eligible for U.S. Trade ReliefNext articleYield Maps Will Help With Fertilizer Decisions for 2019 NAFB News Service China Blames Food Scraps for ASF Outbreak China says the outbreak of African swine fever likely stems from the feeding of food scraps to pigs. China’s agriculture ministry Wednesday moved to ban the feeding of kitchen waste to pigs after more than 40 outbreaks of the disease have been reported since early August. China has not said how the disease first entered the country, but officials found 62 percent of the first 21 outbreaks were related to the feeding of kitchen waste, according to Reuters.Kitchen waste is widely used in China to feed hogs, particularly by small farmers, as it is cheaper than feed. Regulations require the kitchen waste to be heated before being fed to pigs, but experts say that step is often skipped. China also said it will set up a registration system for vehicles transporting live hogs, poultry and other livestock to control the spread of the disease.Source: NAFB News Service Home Indiana Agriculture News China Blames Food Scraps for ASF Outbreak SHARE Facebook Twitter Facebook Twitter By NAFB News Service – Oct 24, 2018 last_img read more

Dr. Lawrence Dorr to be Honored by Operation Walk, Humanitarian Organization He Founded to Perform Free Surgeries

first_img Make a comment faithfernandez More » ShareTweetShare on Google+Pin on PinterestSend with WhatsApp,Virtual Schools PasadenaHomes Solve Community/Gov/Pub SafetyCitizen Service CenterPASADENA EVENTS & ACTIVITIES CALENDARClick here for Movie Showtimes Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked * More Cool Stuff Pasadena’s ‘626 Day’ Aims to Celebrate City, Boost Local Economy Community News Home of the Week: Unique Pasadena Home Located on Madeline Drive, Pasadena Business News EVENTS & ENTERTAINMENT | FOOD & DRINK | THE ARTS | REAL ESTATE | HOME & GARDEN | WELLNESS | SOCIAL SCENE | GETAWAYS | PARENTS & KIDS Herbeauty6 Strong Female TV Characters Who Deserve To Have A SpinoffHerbeautyHerbeautyHerbeautyWant To Seriously Cut On Sugar? You Need To Know A Few TricksHerbeautyHerbeautyHerbeautyWeird Types Of Massage Not Everyone Dares To TryHerbeautyHerbeautyHerbeautyGained Back All The Weight You Lost?HerbeautyHerbeautyHerbeauty15 Beauty Secrets Only Indian Women KnowHerbeautyHerbeautyHerbeautyTop 9 Predicted Haircut Trends Of 2020HerbeautyHerbeauty 2 recommendedShareShareTweetSharePin it center_img Get our daily Pasadena newspaper in your email box. Free.Get all the latest Pasadena news, more than 10 fresh stories daily, 7 days a week at 7 a.m. Pasadena Will Allow Vaccinated People to Go Without Masks in Most Settings Starting on Tuesday Name (required)  Mail (required) (not be published)  Website  People Dr. Lawrence Dorr to be Honored by Operation Walk, Humanitarian Organization He Founded to Perform Free Surgeries Will receive award at annual gala October 6 From STAFF REPORTS Published on Sunday, July 22, 2018 | 9:01 am Dr. Lawrence D. Dorr, an internationally renowned orthopedic surgeon and resident of Pasadena, will be honored by Operation Walk, the humanitarian organization he founded in 1996 to perform free implant surgeries for needy patients in the U.S. and in developing countries. Under Dr. Dorr’s leadership, Operation Walk has developed 17 surgical teams in the U.S., Canada and Ireland that have performed free surgeries for more than 10,000 people in 12 countries.Dr. Dorr will be honored at the annual gala of Operation Walk Los Angeles slated for Saturday, October 6, 2018, at the California Club in downtown Los Angeles.“Dr. Dorr is both a giant in his field and in the humanitarian world. As the founder and leader of Operation Walk, he has created an organization that helps thousands walk again and be productive members of their families and communities,” said Carolyn Miller, president of the Board of Directors of Operation Walk Los Angeles. “He is so deserving of this honor and we know he has legions of friends and colleagues who will want to share this special night.”A resident of Pasadena, Dr. Dorr practices at USC Keck Hospital and is Professor of Clinical Orthopedic Surgery at USC Keck School of Medicine. He has led multiple breakthroughs in orthopedic surgery. The Dorr bone type is referenced internationally and his minimally invasive surgery and pain management programs led the change to rapid recovery techniques. His latest contribution to the field is a long-sought discovery that determines the relationship of the spinopelvic structure to cup placement in hip implant surgery. He has authored 300 scientific articles and book chapters and has conducted research through the Dorr Arthritis Institute since1994.Operation Walk was born in 1996 after Dr. Dorr had fulfilled many international teaching invitations and decided he could be more effective by teaching in-country physicians and medical staffs while performing hip and knee surgeries on-site. Since then Dr. Dorr developed a protocol for planning and implementing these complex surgical missions in developing countries that others now follow successfully.Dr. Dorr is a founding member and past president of the American Association of Hip and Knee Surgeons, which now has 2,500 members and is the largest organization of hip and knee replacement surgeons. He also founded and was past president of the Knee Society and the Hip Society, and is the first surgeon to be president of all three of the field’s professional entities.In the mid-2000s Dr. Dorr began a novel writing career. His first novel, Die Once Live Twice, is a story about the transformation of medicine between the Civil War and World War II, culminating with penicillin usage. A sequel, Die Once Live Forever, was published in 2017.Dr. Dorr graduated from Cornell College in his home state of Iowa and played both high school and college football. At the University of Iowa, while in medical school on a full tuition academic scholarship, he played rugby. After medical school he traveled to Los Angeles for an internship at Los Angeles County Hospital and was then in the Navy as a doctor for three years. He and his wife, Marilyn, who he met at the University of Iowa, live in Pasadena. Top of the News First Heatwave Expected Next Week Subscribe Community Newslast_img read more

Is the Single-Family Rental Market ‘Viable’?

first_imgHome / Daily Dose / Is the Single-Family Rental Market ‘Viable’? Servicers Navigate the Post-Pandemic World 2 days ago The Week Ahead: Nearing the Forbearance Exit 2 days ago Governmental Measures Target Expanded Access to Affordable Housing 2 days ago Governmental Measures Target Expanded Access to Affordable Housing 2 days ago Demand Propels Home Prices Upward 2 days ago in Daily Dose, Featured, Market Studies, News The Best Markets For Residential Property Investors 2 days ago Brian Honea’s writing and editing career spans nearly two decades across many forms of media. He served as sports editor for two suburban newspaper chains in the DFW area and has freelanced for such publications as the Yahoo! Contributor Network, Dallas Home Improvement magazine, and the Dallas Morning News. He has written four non-fiction sports books, the latest of which, The Life of Coach Chuck Curtis, was published by the TCU Press in December 2014. A lifelong Texan, Brian received his master’s degree from Amberton University in Garland. One of the hot topics on Monday at a panel discussion at the Five Star Institute’s Inaugural Single-Family Rental Summit on Monday in Las Vegas was whether or not the SFR market has the longevity to survive or if it’s going to die out.The consensus among the many panelists over the two-hour Property Acquisition Lab is that the SFR market is here to stay despite some naysayers who still don’t believe the market can survive despite so many companies experiencing widespread success in the SFR space.”This is not a flash in the pan,” said Greg Rand, CEO of OwnAmerica, a hosting sponsor of the Summit. “This is a permanent asset class.”Rand, director of the Property Acquisition Lab, questioned the fact that the SFR market, despite experiencing what many are calling a “boom” in the last year or two, is still not generally recognized as a “viable” real estate market.”This is the first time I’ve ever been around for the birth of an institutional asset class, so I don’t know how long it’s supposed to take for the world to recognize its viability,” Rand said. “To me, it should have been instantaneous. Maybe this is the way it was back in the early ’90s when office real estate and retail real estate and industrial became institutionalized. Maybe there were a lot of naysayers, and until it was proven beyond the shadow of a doubt it was going to be successful, people didn’t get on board. Right now, the jury is still out for a lot of people who are watching from a distance. They’re watching the stock prices or the public REITs, which aren’t moving. They think because stock prices aren’t moving, it’s a dumb investment, and the asset class is not viable.”The naysayers who do not believe in the longevity of the SFR market are simply not seeing the bigger picture, Rand said.”They’re following seven companies, and those seven companies have stopped buying,” Rand said. “They’re not looking at the broader asset class; they’re looking at the players in the asset class.””This is not a flash in the pan. This is a permanent asset class.”The naysayers also consist of members of the media who do not have a desire to understand the market very deeply, Rand said. In fact, he said the business media has always been skeptical of the entire housing market, not just single-family rentals.”When the business media started talking about the housing market, it was always treated like an underdog. There was a huge amount of skepticism,” Rand said. “The housing market was a meltdown, until it recovered. They’re surprised it recovered. That was not a surprise. Then the market began to improve and the way the story was presented was ‘Opportunity’s over, the market is improving’ as opposed to ‘That was a good investment. The market is improving.’ There are a lot of people for whatever reason are willing to proclaim that it’s never going to work and therefore they anchor themselves in a negative outcome, and therefore they become pessimists and they’re rooting against the success  of it.”New sources of capital have come into the SFR space but have different expectations, which is great for the market because some cities haven’t even begun to be tapped yet, according to Rand. The Northeast, the mid-Atlantic, a lot of California, and the Pacific Northwest are just a few examples, he said.”The reason is the fundamentals that you get in Georgia, or Florida, or the Carolinas, or Texas, appeal to the investors that have been in the first part of this institutional trend,” Rand said. “Many in the next wave have different expectations, which means different markets emerge. For example, you can buy a house in the Washington, D.C. suburbs. If you look at all the fundamentals of the D.C. suburbs, there has not even been a whiff of a recession in that market. Unemployment is down to 3 percent, the federal government and all the services are around there. It is the job center of the country. Home price appreciation is at 3 and 4 percent every year going back 20 years. But you can’t get any better than a 4 percent yield there, so nobody’s buying there.”On one hand, new sources of capital with different expectations means it opens up more geographies because there’s a diversity of business plans. More foreign investors are buying $3 million luxury condos for their kids to live in, because they don’t have any other way to invest in U.S. housing, so they buy a house or a condo in Manhattan or San Francisco. It’s not very smart, but no one’s really bridged that gap yet.”Editor’s note: The Five Star Institute is the parent company of DS News, DSNews.com, The MReport, and TheMReport.com. Subscribe Data Provider Black Knight to Acquire Top of Mind 2 days ago  Print This Post Tagged with: Five Star Single-Family Rental Summit Single-Family Rental Marketcenter_img The Best Markets For Residential Property Investors 2 days ago Is the Single-Family Rental Market ‘Viable’? Servicers Navigate the Post-Pandemic World 2 days ago About Author: Brian Honea Previous: Survival in the SFR Market Requires Unorthodox Acquisition Strategies Next: DS News Webcast: Tuesday 10/13/2015 October 12, 2015 4,818 Views Data Provider Black Knight to Acquire Top of Mind 2 days ago Related Articles Share Save Demand Propels Home Prices Upward 2 days ago Five Star Single-Family Rental Summit Single-Family Rental Market 2015-10-12 Brian Honea Sign up for DS News Daily last_img read more

Brundidge basks in MSNBC fame

first_img Troy falls to No. 13 Clemson “Big Jim said there’s no such thing as bad publicity,” Ramage said. “I hope that we’ll benefit from the national exposure.“I’ve gotten a lot of emails and phone calls from former Brundidge residents who were excited to see their hometown on national television. This was a big for us and we appreciate being selected for the show.”Jimmie Jackson, co-owner of Stinson’s Barber Shop, a family-owned business that has been on Main Street since the 1940s, was one of the businesses that found itself on the cutting room floor.“Overall, the show was good,” Jackson said. “Of course, we were disappointed not to see our barbershop on the show. It did show our “open” sign, though. I think our shop was regarded as more of a hobby because we’re retired and the shop is not our livelihood. But we consider it an important service. But it was fun to see your hometown on television.” Remember America’s heroes on Memorial Day Latest Stories Sponsored Content Brundidge received its 5 minutes and 24 seconds of fame at 6:30 a.m. Sunday. The town of 2,000 was featured as the lead-in story to MSNBC’s “Your Business,” which is devoted to helping small business owners grow and survive.Brundidge Mayor Jimmy Ramage, who is also board chair of First National Bank, said the focus of the show was what businesses in small towns are doing to survive.“We are what we are,” Ramage said. “Brundidge is a perfect example of downtown USA today that is looking for ways to survive. It’s not easy to find the niche that’s right.” Those who did survive the cuts included Anthony Foster who said the success of his barbershop is service.Bill Grafton, owner of Grafton Furniture, said to be successful he had to cut the overhead and be satisfied with slim margins. O.K. McDowell, the Sign Man, agreed that overhead will “eat you up.”“If you can keep your overhead down, you’ve got a chance,” McDowell said.Willie Moultry, owner of Moultry’s Auto Repair, said he owns the building that houses his shop.“If I didn’t, I’d go out of business,” he said.Utility expenses are the breaking point for many businesses. Jamie Sanders, owner of Sit N Sip restaurant said utilities eat up his profits.JJ Ramberg, host of “Your Business,” visited studio 116, a gallery for local artists, and remarked that the “studio” was so unlike anything else on Main Street that it was like walking into another town.Studio 116 has been in business for a year. Chris Rich, co-director, said a unique real estate deal with store owner, Jimmy Hollis, has made it possible for the new arts endeavor to survive.“Basically, we take care of his insurance and taxes and, as we become more successful, we’ll renegotiate to help out Mr. Hollis even more,” Rich said.Ramberg asked Ramage if “rebranding” his city could be an option for survival.Ramage said that the arts could be the niche the city is seeking. By Jaine Treadwell Brundidge basks in MSNBC fame You Might Like Summertime fun Despite recent rains, the temperature is back on the rise. People have been spending recent time at the Troy Parks… read more Book Nook to reopen Ramage said that Brundidge was shown in a positive light.“There’s no telling how many hours of footage the film crew shot while they were in town those three days and it had to be cut to about six minutes,” he said. “There were several business owners on the list that didn’t make it on the show but that all goes back to the director and producer. They knew what they were looking for to get their message across and to sell an idea. Overall, I would say that it was good for Brundidge.”The mayor, laughingly, quoted the late Alabama Gov. “Big Jim” Folsom. Email the author Pike County Sheriff’s Office offering community child ID kits The Penny Hoarder Issues “Urgent” Alert: 6 Companies… Print Article By The Penny Hoarder Plans underway for historic Pike County celebration Skip Published 11:00 pm Tuesday, July 30, 2013 Around the WebMd: Do This Immediately if You Have Diabetes (Watch)Blood Sugar BlasterIf You Have Ringing Ears Do This Immediately (Ends Tinnitus)Healthier LivingHave an Enlarged Prostate? Urologist Reveals: Do This Immediately (Watch)Healthier LivingWomen Only: Stretch This Muscle to Stop Bladder Leakage (Watch)Healthier LivingRemoving Moles & Skin Tags Has Never Been This EasyEssential Health32-second Stretch Ends Back Pain & Sciatica (Watch)Healthier LivingThe content you see here is paid for by the advertiser or content provider whose link you click on, and is recommended to you by Revcontent. As the leading platform for native advertising and content recommendation, Revcontent uses interest based targeting to select content that we think will be of particular interest to you. We encourage you to view your opt out options in Revcontent’s Privacy PolicyWant your content to appear on sites like this?Increase Your Engagement Now!Want to report this publisher’s content as misinformation?Submit a ReportGot it, thanks!Remove Content Link?Please choose a reason below:Fake NewsMisleadingNot InterestedOffensiveRepetitiveSubmitCancellast_img read more

Farmers React To Tariffs During Harvest

first_imgFarmers React To Tariffs During HarvestSEPTEMBER 17TH, 2018 JOYLYN BUKOVAC EVANSVILLE, INDIANAEarly numbers show yields from this year’s harvest are up. However, prices are down, and farmers are hoping the White House does something to help improve their bottom line.“In the incoming years, especially next year people will have to watch their income dollars, expenses in the spring that they keep them down enough to make a profit or break even with the low prices,” says a farmer, Ralph Gries.Ralph Gries is in the middle of harvesting the crops he’s grown, but two significant factors may reduce the price he gets for the crops. One is the nice weather, which produced an abundant supply of grain. The other is the trade war with places like China.“We are very concerned about that. Just that fact of productivity and what our dollars will mean to us. You take that away from us, that takes our profit away,” says Gries.However, officials say things will likely get worse before they get better.“Dollars coming in will not be enough to cover all of their expenses this year. So where do they get extra money to pay their expenses? Well obviously this government assistance is going to be helpful, and it is, for soybeans, a significant amount of money,” says Agricultural Economist, Chris Hurt.The Trump administration has instructed the United States Department of Agriculture to make payments to farmers for the first half of production. However, it will not make up for all of Farmer’s losses.“It will help, but it shouldn’t be our resolution for this the government shouldn’t have to take care of everybody,” says Gries.Aside from trying to cut costs, farmers like Gries may hold onto their crops longer than usual at hopes prices rebound.“Farmers probably will hang onto their crops a little bit longer to try to catch if this tariff does change around and to you know to take advantage of that the best they can. Some of them obviously have to sell crops to pay their bills, but they will be watching that closely,” says Gries. FacebookTwitterCopy LinkEmailSharelast_img read more

Chronicler of poverty

first_imgWhat can a writer teach a designer of the built environment? Perhaps a lot, such as a few basic principles of fieldwork: Learn from both the sky view of data and the ground view of reality. Don’t talk just to the powerful. And stay awhile.Katherine Boo came bearing these and other insights for a week as a senior Loeb Fellow at Harvard’s Graduate School of Design (GSD). Boo is a long-form journalist who specializes in poverty and what she calls that socio-economic state’s “tropes of hope and innovation.”She also arrived bearing recognition and status, with the chops to offer a lesson or two. Boo, after all, has already hit the trifecta for nonfiction writers: the Pulitzer Prize, the National Book Award, and a coveted gig as a staff writer at The New Yorker. She also won a MacArthur Foundation Fellowship, often called the “genius” award.To understand Boo’s reporting methods (immersion is best) and her worldview (hope abides), start with “Behind the Beautiful Forevers,” her brutally factual and vividly novelistic study of Annawadi, a Mumbai slum. That effort won a National Book Award in 2012.Annawadi, which was settled in 1991 on land owned by the nearby international airport, is within sight of five luxury hotels. At one edge is a trash-rimmed lake of sewage. Of its 3,000 residents, only six have permanent jobs. Annawadi models the extremes of capitalism: the flexible, innovative poor struggle against the barriers of education and caste with such energy that there is little of it left over for collective action or the pursuit of justice.The capstone event during Boo’s visit was a lecture in jam-packed Piper Auditorium on Feb. 20. Its fancy title was “Exploitation, Innovation, and Documentation in 21st-Century Slums,” but its lessons — from a writer to designers — pivoted on a single word, one of Boo’s favorites: “granular.” That is, when you research places, get down to the smallest details.With Boo on last week’s GSD visit was another 2014 senior Loeb Fellow: her husband, Sunil Khilnani, an author and a professor of international politics at King’s College, London. He introduced her to Mumbai, where he was convinced her immersive techniques would work.James Stockard, GSD’s curator of the Loeb Fellowship and a former fellow himself (1978), introduced Boo. He got the point of her presence at GSD right away. “The best journalists challenge us to create our own best work,” he said. And reading journalism as pointed as hers “is how we stimulate our best creative gifts.”Stockard read a passage from the Mumbai book. With Dickensian power, Boo described an open lot as “a kind of beachfront for a vast pool of sewage that marked the slum’s eastern border. [It was] bedlam most nights: people fighting, cooking, flirting, bathing, tending goats, playing cricket, waiting for water at a public tap, lining up outside a little brothel, or sleeping off the effects of the grave-digging liquor dispensed from a hut two doors down. …”For her audience, Boo set out to explain how she approached the Annawadi project — reporting for months at a time, over four years starting in 2007 — and what she learned from it. Her field guide of advice, buttressed by 15 years of reporting on poverty in the United States, seemed applicable to designers, to other scholars, and to ordinary visitors. “Empathy is a muscle,” Boo observed, and training to see things as they are is one way to exercise it.Boo included imperatives of attention: stay independent, outside the ken of non-governmental organizations (NGOs), for instance. Listen more than talk. Document everything, using notebooks, audio, and video. Read official documents. (Gathering accepted facts adds “conviction to the writing,” she said, “and keeps me out of libel jail.”)Be frank about why you are suddenly in a place you are not from. (“I don’t play poor,” said Boo, who engages people head-on. “I just try my best to do justice to their reality.”) Meet a variety of people, not just the informal leaders. And stick around for a while. Sheer duration is a strategy that trumps “a five-day studio visit,” she said. “I enter a community knowing I’m going to be there a very long time.”Lastly, know the big data, what Boo called “the God shot” of reality that official statistics represent. But be ready for reality on the ground, too. Her reporting in Annawadi reinforced an idea she had acquired as a young reporter: Small stories can have big power. They can move donors, inform NGOs, and clue in lawmakers. “Better policies might get made,” said Boo, “if we understand individual lives.”In her book, Boo told the small story of Asha, who had a gift for solving problems, but over time used it to exercise political corruption. Asha became Annawadi’s informal ward boss, landlord, and banker.Boo also told the small story of Abdul, a teenager from the slum’s Muslim minority who at age 6 set out to exercise his own gift: mining value from trash. Before long, “what people threw away,” said Boo, created a slum-scale recycling empire that was enough for Abdul “to lift a family of 11 well beyond subsistence.”Abdul’s story was also a point of entry into what Boo called “serial survival entrepreneurship,” the ever-fluid technique of extracting value from circumstances. With admiration, she recalled the ad hoc team of thieves who devised a tool for removing wheel boots from airport taxis when they could no longer disassemble new construction “screw by screw.” Either way, the metal was worth cash. It was a story, said Boo, that explained “the nature of work” at the fringes of the global economy: flexible, clever, independent, and often extra-legal.This same kind of enterprising but solitary work has a dark side, she said. Factory work, which is disappearing fast, offered opportunities for collective effort and provided workers with an informal sense of commonweal. The person you worked next to could lend you a bit of money, or help you care for a child. If you are on your own, earning informal wages, you fear taking time for others. “The conditions of collective action are sabotaged,” she said.Individual initiative — the soul of capitalism — has another dark side. “People up the ladder innovate too, sometimes to improve exploitation,” she said, setting off a dynamic of power that crushes those with the least. “Hope is a double-edged thing.”But there is always hope in the act of investigation. Over time, Boo saw that the people she was writing about became her “active co-investigators” in documenting how conditions really were. When homeless teenagers took over her video camera, she said, they used it for fun for a while, but then they used it to record their lives. (Boo’s lecture was illustrated by a looping slideshow of images taken by slum children.)The same teenagers even joined in an investigation into the murder of a friend. In the end, said Boo, “they saw this random journalist standing in front of them as the only hope they had.”last_img read more