The market demand for organic chicken, beef and pork has been on the rise for several years, so most farmers were prepared for the new restrictions on antibiotics in animal feed that went into effect on Jan. 1.The Food and Drug Administration rule change – the veterinary feed directive – prohibits farmers from including medically important antibiotics in livestock feed without veterinary oversight. The change will likely have a positive economic impact on farmers who don’t currently use these classes of antimicrobials in their animals’ feed, said Brent Credille, assistant professor of beef production medicine at the University of Georgia College of Veterinary Medicine.In addition to seeking guidance from a veterinarian before introducing medically important antibiotics into livestock feed, the rule change prohibits the inclusion of medically important antibiotics in feed for the purpose of promoting growth.Credille explained the new rules to more than 150 farmers and agribusiness leaders gathered at the UGA Center for Continuing Education for the UGA College of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences’ 2017 Georgia Ag Forecast seminar.These new FDA regulations are a move toward a greater antibiotic stewardship push meant to deter the development of antibiotic-resistant bacteria, Credille said. About 2 million people are infected with antibiotic-resistant bacteria each year, and about 23,000 die from those infections, according to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.The FDA already has firm waiting period regulations to allow antibiotics to clear animals’ bodies before they can be sent for slaughter to minimize any residue in the meat you buy. However, the use of antibiotics and the evolutionary pressure they put on bacterial communities has led to resistance. Antibiotic resistance has been driven by the overuse of antibiotic drugs in humans and in animals. Studies have shown that about 50 percent of antibiotics prescribed to human patients are unwarranted, according to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.U.S. Department of Agriculture economists project that the small number of livestock producers using antibiotics for growth promotion in 2016 will see their production costs go up by 1 to 3 percent and will see the wholesale prices they receive for their animals go up by 1 percent.Farmers who don’t use antibiotics for growth promotion will see increased revenues.“If you’re not using these drugs for production purposes, (you’ll) see an increase in production and higher revenues in response to (these changes),” Credille said. “So if we’re not using these things, we’re going to be OK.”Credille does believe that the FDA will soon expand the regulations to require farmers to receive some guidance from a veterinarian before administering antibiotics to their animals orally or by injection. “We do think that more restrictive regulations are coming,” Credille said. “We’ve got to look at different strategies to maximize animal health … We’ve got to focus on biosecurity. We’ve got to focus on vaccinations, deworming and preconditioning. It has to become a priority for us to make sure that we have access to the markets we need to have access to.”The majority of antibiotics used in feed on cow-calf production today are used to prevent respiratory infections in young calves. Antibiotics are also used to prevent respiratory infections in poultry and swine. They’re administered on a case-by-case basis for problems like pink eye and respiratory tract infections — the same reasons they’re often prescribed to humans.Credille told the farmers in the crowd at the Ag Forecast to develop a relationship with a veterinarian who can approve treatment plans for livestock if the need arises. Farmers don’t want to be mired in red tape when their animals are sick, so it’s important to develop a relationship with a veterinarian before illness strikes, he said.“We need to focus on antimicrobial stewardship,” Credille said. “Is there something that’s not antibiotic that would work just as well? Could we use something to prevent the disease instead of just treating cattle all the time?“Antimicrobial stewardship means preventing disease, and when we do have sickness, that we diagnose it quickly and accurately.”The new regulations will also mean that Georgia will need more large animal veterinarians in agricultural regions to help farmers develop treatment and health plans for their herds or flocks.The Georgia Department of Agriculture launched a program this year to offer student loan repayment programs for veterinarians who agree to serve in one of the more than 100 Georgia counties that is currently underserved. The UGA College of Agricultural and Environmental Science and the UGA College of Veterinary Medicine also offer very generous scholarship for students who want to work as food animal veterinarians. For more information about those programs visit http://students.caes.uga.edu/undergraduate/pre-professional/favip.html.For more information on other topics discussed at UGA’s 2017 Georgia Ag Forecast, visit tinyurl.com/2017AgForecast. For more information about the FDA’s veterinary feed directive, visit FDA.gov.
Sign up for our COVID-19 newsletter to stay up-to-date on the latest coronavirus news throughout New York [dropcap]O[/dropcap]n behalf of our respected readership, we three Long Island Press perpetrators—Jaime Franchi, Rashed Mian and Spencer Rumsey—would like to issue a public apology. When we collaborated to write our Squawkler about Homeland, we anticipated a thrilling–or at least coherent–season finale.Obviously, we were going on bad intel.The finale of Homeland fizzled out in a disappointing series of disjointed scenes attempting to reconcile the earlier plot points. Everything wrapped up, but rather than in a neat bow, we were presented with a horrid mess of hackfleisch. Very humbling to our hubris.Let’s dig in, shall we?1. Otto During: The president of the During Foundation, and Carrie Mathison’s former boss, Otto proposes. A business relationship? Marriage? We can’t be sure. It was totally creepy and utterly out-of-nowhere, especially since a few episodes back, Otto had confided to Jonas, Carrie’s German lover, that due to her instability, he didn’t even want her working for the foundation any longer. Now it looks like he’s offering her the keys to the castle.2. The subway scene: After the buildup that was—we don’t know, almost the entire season?—the scene where Carrie foils the plot of evil terrorists to poison the Berlin subway station with sarin gas is resolved within the first three minutes of the last episode in such an unexciting, ho-hum fashion that Carrie has literally 2 seconds to convince the skittish Qasim to confront and shoot his own cousin while she sneaks upon them and opens fire. The bad guys die. She saves the day. The show goes on. For another 40-odd minutes.3. Carrie returns to her apartment, takes a nap, and awakens to have sex with Jonas, the boyfriend who’d broken up with her earlier in the season when the shit started getting real, terrorist/CIA-wise. So that looked like a sweet righting of wrongs, a coming back home. Until we realized that Jonas still wanted to break up, suspects she was the mysterious blonde who singlehandedly saved Berlin, and so wants nothing more to do with her—a conversation that might have been better to have pre-sex, we think. At least, she gets a foundation sweatshirt as a parting gift. What the actual fuck, Homeland-writers?4. Seeing the light: Carrie learns that Quinn is in emergency surgery due to a severe brain hemorrhage. Things look bleak. So she heads to the chapel where she is bathed in a supernatural white light that we guess was God? We don’t know. After we hear Quinn’s voice-over about how he doesn’t believe in horoscopes and fate, etc., which Saul interrupts (a great bit), the “Highway to Heaven” illumination appears again, just as Carrie bends over to snuff him out. Which would have been fine if the show hadn’t been so clear-eyed and reality-based up until now. We didn’t watch her beloved Brody go into the light. We saw his body jerking as his neck snapped and his airways closed as he was hung in an Iranian town square, both Carrie and Saul powerless to help. So why do this now?5. Is it because: Carrie is “not that person anymore” as she tells her ex-CIA boss, Saul Berenson? Not the person who just saved mankind (or at least Berlin)? Not the only one (yet again) with the instincts and the talent to uncover insidiously evil plots that go unnoticed by the entire intelligence community? Not the one haunted by 9/11 and compelled to never let an attack of that scope and scale happen against her people ever again? Now that Jonas is officially gone and with him her sense and obligation to lead a normal life, why wouldn’t she take her rightful place at the throne of the CIA and just fix the world now?6. Because of Frannie? WHEN IS CARRIE GOING TO CALL HER DAUGHTER AND TELL HER THAT SHE ISN’T DEAD AFTER ALL?As season finales go, it was lame, padded and, worst of all, exhausted. What were we thinking? We figured this show had managed to capture the zeitgeist of all the western cultural anxiety about terrorism and repackage it into a provocative, profound program that would have something more to say! But these writers seemed like they couldn’t get it over with fast enough. Maybe the producers were being water-boarded by HBO at an undisclosed location. Showtime let us down big time. No adrenaline rush. No edge-of-your-seat suspense. And now, no Quinn—unless he pulls a Jon Snow from Game of Thrones and returns from the white beyond. Alas, that’s a different network. Can Homeland redeem itself in season 6? We’re hoping for much better intel.(Photo: Carrie convinces Qasim to attempt to disrupt an impending terror attack in Berlin. Credit: Homeland/Facebook)
In my column last week, I urged the NCAA to severely punishIndiana head basketball coach Kelvin Sampson for violating five majorrecruiting policies (for a second time), should IU Athletic Director RickGreenspan not take action.Well, Greenspan took action Friday as he forced Sampson toaccept a $750,000 buyout (not bad for a two-time cheater), which subsequentlyterminated the remainder of his contract.In protest, six IU players ? including senior captain andBig Ten Player of the Year candidate D.J. White (who was not recruited bySampson, which makes it that much more ridiculous) ? skipped practice Fridayafternoon, which happened to be the day before the Hoosiers had a gamescheduled against Northwestern. At that time on Friday, it was unknown whetherthose six players would travel with the team (the No. 15 team in country, whichalso happened to be tied for first place in the Big Ten, mind you) to Evanston,Ill.Not only did those six players play Saturday as the Hoosiersalmost became the Wildcats? first Big Ten prey of the season, but the majorityof the Indiana players wrote ?K.S.? in red marker on their sneakers as atribute to their former coach, or ?father,? as IU freshman guard Eric Gordonreferred to Sampson.Much like when the Atlanta Falcons? D?Angelo Hall and RoddyWhite wore ?Free Mike Vick? T-shirts underneath their game jerseys to honortheir former teammate (and recent criminal), this just doesn?t settle well withme.I understand the concept of paying homage to one?s teammateor friend. Had Sampson died or been hospitalized for some reason, a tribute ofsome sort would certainly be appropriate, just as many NFL players wore the ?21?sticker on the back of their helmets following the tragic death of Redskinssafety Sean Taylor. But at some point morals and ethics must become arecognizable factor. Maybe Sampson was a father figure to these players, but byhonoring him a day after he left campus for cheating, these players arestanding up for a liar against the integrity of their university.There?s a reason why you don?t see Andy Pettitte ? RogerClemens? friend and former teammate ? roaming the streets with a sign reading ?LeaveRoger Alone!? Everyone would see that as a pro-steroid stance instead of simplybeing a good friend.When Patriots coach Bill Belichick got caught red-handed for?Spygate,? his players showed their support by quietly congratulating him onthe sideline after their next win over the Chargers, not by wearing ?BB?stickers on their arms. (Granted, He Who Wears the Hooded Sweatshirt wasn’tfired, but you get the point).Since 1960, the Indiana basketball program has been seen asone of the most (if not the most) prestigious programs in the nation. BobKnight had his issues in Bloomington, but IU hadn?t been subject to an NCAAinvestigation in 48 years.Until this month, of course.In April 2006, Sampson stood on the floor of Assembly Halland addressed the IU student body for the first time since being introduced asthe Hoosiers? new head coach. He acknowledged the recruiting violations he madewhile at Oklahoma and promised (yes, promised) the IU faithful that he wouldgraduate his players, win titles and play by the rules.Talk about an empty promise.Former Indiana basketball All-American Kent Benson got ridof his season tickets in protest to Sampson?s actions. He told the IndianapolisStar he would not step foot into Assembly Hall again until both Sampson andGreenspan were fired.Now, at least he?s got one foot back in the door.Dallas Mavericks owner and IU alum Mark Cuban also said therelease of Sampson was a ?step in the right direction.? So it?s not as ifHoosier Nation has been backing Sampson since this controversy arose. In fact,it?s been quite the opposite.Unless you play for the Indiana basketball team.Greenspan made a mistake in hiring Sampson in the firstplace, but he is not to blame. I blame the IU players.Athletes need to realize that they are role models. Theirevery action and every word are blown out of proportion in the media. Sometimesthey?re justified, other times they may not be. But the point is, by playingbasketball at Indiana University they chose to be under the spotlight, so theyneed to understand the repercussions.Their former coach smacked Greenspan ? the man who gaveSampson a second chance and a clean slate ? in the face by lying to him twoAprils ago.And now these players smacked Greenspan on the other cheek,by honoring the man who has now severely tarnished the integrity of Indianabasketball.?Derek is a sophomoremajoring in economics. If you think that the Hoosiers? tribute to Sampson wasjustified, or you just want to talk college hoops, you can e-mail him at [email protected]